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These vacancies were usually announced in the summer rest period as the new season was being organized. As teams moved up to fill the void created by these failed teams, spaces were created in Lega Pro Seconda Divisione that needed to be filled.
For example, in the season there were nine such failures, and thus, nine Lega Pro Seconda Divisione spaces were created.
Four of those spaces were filled by calling back teams that had played in Seconda Divisione but were relegated to Serie D for the next season.
The other five vacancies were filled by Serie D teams that had participated in the Serie D playoffs. Playoffs are held after the regular season is over and involve teams placed second through fifth in each division.
The first two rounds are single game elimination matches played at the home of the higher-classified team.
Games ending in ties are extended to extra time. New for , if games are still tied after extra time, the higher classified team is declared the winner.
No penalty kicks are taken. In round one, for each division, the 5th-placed team is matched against the 2nd-placed team, and the 4th-placed team is matched against the 3rd-placed team.
Round 2 matches the two winners. At the end of round 2, one team from each division survives. The nine winners are grouped into 3 groups of three and play each team in their own group once one at home and one away.
The three group winners qualify for the play-off semi-finals. Since , the Coppa Italia Serie D winner qualifies for the 4th semi-final spot. The semi-finals are a two-legged tie, with the winners qualifying for a one-game final match played at a neutral site.
The playoff results provide the league with a list from which it may choose teams to fill vacancies in Seconda Divisione.
In , the top 5 placed play-off teams were selected to fill vacancies, however, in , no team was needed to fill vacancies.
After the regular season is complete, bottom teams in each division play a double-leg series 6th-last vs 3rd-last, 5th-last vs 4th-last. The winners remain in Serie D for the following season.
The two losers are relegated to Eccellenza , a regional amateur league below this, for a total of 4 relegations in each division, 36 in total for the league.
There are no play-out if the difference between 6th-last vs 3rd-last and that between 5th-last vs 4th-last is bigger than eight points.
Serie D does not use head-to-head results to order teams that are tied in points in certain situations, single-game tie-breakers are held at neutral sites instead.
Those situations are the following:. Head-to-head results are used in all other situations, such as when all the teams involved are qualified in the promotional playoffs, or all teams are participating in the relegation playoffs.
Round one divides the nine teams into three groups of three teams each where each team plays a single game against each of its other two opponents.
The three group winners and best second-placed team advance to the semifinals. The first scudetto dilettanti was assigned in —, when the Serie D was still called IV Serie fourth division.
Its assignment was suspended from — to — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Italian football league.
List of Serie D champions and promotions. CF approva riforma Lega Pro, 60 squadre dal " in Italian. Archived from the original on 30 November Retrieved 30 November Serie A is regarded as one of the best football leagues in the world and it is often depicted as the most tactical national league.
In its current format, the Italian Football Championship was revised from having regional and interregional rounds, to a single-tier league from the —30 season onwards.
The championship titles won prior to are officially recognised by FIGC with the same weighting as titles that were subsequently awarded.
However, the —46 season, when the league was played over two geographical groups due to the ravages of WWII , is not statistically considered, even if its title is fully official.
Inter are also the only team in Italian football history to have never been relegated. Serie A is one of the most storied football leagues in the world.
Of the greatest footballers in history chosen by FourFourTwo magazine in , 42 players have played in Serie A, more than any other league in the world.
Serie A, as it is structured today, began during the —30 season. From to , the competition was organised into regional groups. In , due to internal crises, the FIGC changed internal settings, adding southern teams to the national division, ultimately leading to the —30 final settlement.
Torino were declared champions in the —49 season following a plane crash near the end of the season in which the entire team was killed.
The Serie A Championship title is often referred to as the scudetto "small shield" because since the —25 season, the winning team will bear a small coat of arms with the Italian tricolour on their strip in the following season.
The most successful club is Juventus with 34 championships, followed by both Milan and Internazionale , with 18 championships apiece.
From the —05 season onwards, an actual trophy was awarded to club on the pitch after the last turn of the championship. Nineteen of the twenty clubs voted in favour of the move in an argument over television rights; the relegation-threatened Lecce had voted against the decision.
In April , it was announced that Serie A was selected by the International Football Association Board to test video replays, which were initially private for the —17 season , allowing them to become a live pilot phase, with replay assistance implemented in the —18 season.
Since —05 , however, there have been 20 clubs altogether. One season —48 was played with 21 teams for political reasons. During the season, which runs from August to May, each club plays each of the other teams twice; once at home and once away, totalling 38 games for each team by the end of the season.
Thus, in Italian football a true round-robin format is used. In the first half of the season, called the andata , each team plays once against each league opponent, for a total of 19 games.
In the second half of the season, called the ritorno , the teams play in exactly the same order that they did in the first half of the season, the only difference being that home and away situations are switched.
Since the —95 season, teams are awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and no points for a loss. The three lowest-placed teams are relegated to Serie B.
From —06 season if two or more teams are tied in points for any place , the deciding tie-breakers are as follows:.
Until —05 season , a playoff would be used to determine the champions, European spots or relegation, if the two teams were tied on points.
Any play-off was held after the end of regular season. The last championship playoff occurred in the —64 season when Bologna and Inter both finished on 54 points.
Bologna won the play-off 2—0. Prior to , many clubs competed in the top level of Italian football as the earlier rounds were competed up to on a regional basis then interregional up to Below is a list of Serie A clubs who have competed in the competition when it has been a league format 66 in total.
There are 67 teams that have taken part in 87 Serie A championships in a single round that was played from the —30 season until the —19 season.
The teams in bold compete in Serie A currently. Internazionale is the only team that has played Serie A football in every season.
The logo that was introduced in , had minor change in due to the change of the logo of Telecom Italia itself.
In the past, individual clubs competing in the league had the rights to sell their broadcast rights to specific channels throughout Italy, unlike in most other European countries.
Currently, the two broadcasters in Italy are the satellite broadcaster Sky Italia and streaming platform DAZN for its own pay television networks; RAI is allowed to broadcast only highlights in exclusive from This is a list of television rights in Italy since — For the —11 and —12 seasons, Serie A clubs negotiating club TV rights collectively rather than individually for the first time since — The domestic rights for those two seasons were sold for billion to Sky Italia.
In the s, Serie A was at its most popular in the United Kingdom when it was shown on Football Italia on Channel 4 , although it has actually appeared on more UK channels than any other league, rarely staying in one place for long since Bold indicates clubs which will play in the —19 Serie A.
Unlike La Liga , which imposed a quota on the number of non-EU players on each club, Serie A clubs could sign as many non-EU players as available on domestic transfer.
During the s and s, most Serie A clubs signed a large number of players from foreign nations both EU and non-EU members.
But since the —04 season, a quota has been imposed on each of the clubs limiting the number of non-EU, non-EFTA and non-Swiss players who may be signed from abroad each season,  following provisional measures  introduced in the —03 season, which allowed Serie A and B clubs to sign only one non-EU player in the summer transfer window.
In the middle of the —01 season, the old quota system was abolished, which no longer limited each team to having more than five non-EU players and using no more than three in each match.
The number of non-EU players was reduced from in —03 season to in —07 season. The rule underwent minor changes in August ,  June ,  June Since the —09 season, three quotas have been awarded to clubs that do not have non-EU players in their squad previously only newly promoted clubs could have three quotas ; clubs that have one non-EU player have two quotas.
Those clubs that have two non-EU players, are awarded one quota and one conditional quota, which is awarded after: Clubs with three or more non-EU players, have two conditional quotas, but releasing two non-EU players as free agent, will only have one quota instead of two.
Large clubs with many foreigners usually borrow quotas from other clubs that have few foreigners or no foreigners in order to sign more non-EU players.
On 2 July , the above conditional quota reduced back to one, though if a team did not have any non-EU players, that team could still sign up to three non-EU players.
Unlike UEFA, Serie A at first did not cap the number of players in first team squad at 25, meaning the club could employ more foreigners by increasing the size of the squad.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Italian football league. For other uses, see Serie A disambiguation.
List of Italian Football Championship clubs. List of Serie A broadcasters. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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Archived from the original on 20 January Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original PDF on Archived from the original on 2 September Retrieved 12 September Retrieved 17 December Retrieved 20 November Fourth most successful club in Europe for confederation club competition titles won 11 , cf.
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