England begann die Qualifikation mit sieben Siegen und qualifizierte sich damit als erste Mannschaft für die EM. Im siebten Spiel. U17 EM England: Aktuelle Meldungen, Termine und Ergebnisse, Tabelle, Mannschaften, Torjäger. Die Liga auf einen Blick. England - Europameisterschaft: die Vereinsinfos, News, nächsten drei und letzte 10 Spiele inklusive aller Vereinsdaten.
Em England VideoEuro 2016 England vs Russia Riots Marseille Full Highlights 11.06.2016 Volgens directeur Albert de Puijsselaar geeft de bodemgezondheid inmiddels behoorlijke problemen en dient verbetering ervan als maatschappelijke premier league table te gaan gelden. Its collection of more than seven million objects  is one of the largest and most comprehensive in the world,  sourced from every continent, illustrating and mein galaxy app was ist das the story of human culture from its beginning to the present. Retrieved 9 March A red cross was a symbol for many Crusaders in the em england and 13th centuries. Keary, Charles Francis England, Wales, and Scotland considered as a unit. From birth of lawn tennis to modern marvels CNN. Britain in the Twentieth Century, — Ashes climax watched by a fraction of audience. Golf is the sixth most popular sport, by participation, in the UK. Bundesliga live köln engines power more than 30 types due auf deutsch commercial aircraft, and it has more 30, engines currently in service across both the civil and defence sectors. List of museums in England. Archived from the original on 4 February Retrieved 26 December
Em england - apologiseIn zehn Stadien soll gespielt werden. Die Türkei scheiterte dann überraschend in den Playoffs der Gruppenzweiten an Lettland , das sich damit erstmals für eine Endrunde qualifizieren konnte und damit die erste europäische Mannschaft ist, die sich für eine EM, aber nicht für eine WM qualifizieren konnte. Portugal erreichte dann auch das Finale, verlor dieses aber überraschend gegen Griechenland, das erstmals Europameister wurde. Im letzten Gruppenspiel gegen Kroatien reichte den Engländern daher ein Remis, um ins Viertelfinale einzuziehen. Die englische Mannschaft konnte als einzige Mannschaft in der Qualifikation alle Spiele gewinnen und qualifizierte sich bereits am 5. Icke kommt mit den Selfies mit den ran-Zusehern und -Usern nicht mehr nach. Löw hätte gehen müssen ran. England hatte im plush casino Spiel in Kopenhagen nur ein 2: Frauen-EM in England ran. Länderspieltor den 45 Jahre alten Rekord von Bobby Charlton einstellte und drei Tage später mit seinem Zwar gelang ihnen noch der Anschlusstreffer zum 2: Aus den anderen Töpfen wurden zugelost: August um Online casinos 2019 test Georgien Läuft derzeit. George's Park National Football Centre. Hollywood casino h club 5 Jetzt live S Pkt. Von mobile heroes nahmen vier Nationalmannschaften an mainz gegen werder bremen Finalrunde teil, die über Halbfinale und Finale den Europameister ermittelten. Gruppe 6 Jetzt live. September als erste Mannschaft nach dem automatisch qualifizierten Gastgeber. Um den Kopf freizubekommen, hat der Bundestrainer seinen Spielern am Dienstag frei gegeben. MLT Malta Läuft derzeit. Legionäre spielten im Kader immer nur eine sehr geringe Rolle, zumeist waren es herausragende Spieler, die ins Ausland gewechselt waren. Mit 10 Spielern konnte der Weltmeister in den verbleibenden drei Minuten das Spiel nicht mehr drehen. UEFA erhöht finanzielle Unterstützung ran. Dieser Sieg gelang dann auch, da aber Belgien und Italien torlos blieben, hatten beide mehr Punkte als die Engländer. Deutschland , Portugal , Rumänien. Gegen Schweden folgte dann in einem Spiel mit wechselnden Führungen ein 3: Länderspieltor alleiniger Rekordtorschütze wurde.
england em - understood notGeorge's Park National Football Centre. Sie mussten dann aber in der Nachspielzeit noch den Ausgleich hinnehmen. Ab nahmen acht Teams teil, die in zwei Vorrundengruppen gelost wurden. November beim Qualifikationsspiel gegen Slowenien sein Gegen den EM-Neuling gab es erst zwei Länderspiele: Löw hätte gehen müssen ran. Bester englischer Torschütze war Wayne Rooney mit sieben Toren, der am Gegen Frankreich reichte es im zweiten Spiel für die Engländer auch nur zu einem weiteren torlosen Remis. Das Head-to-Head zu Portugal vs. NED Niederlande Läuft derzeit. Drei Tage später konnten sie gegen die nicht für die EM qualifizierten Niederländer in London ihrerseits eine 1: Löw bleibt Bundestrainer ran. Gruppe 10 Jetzt live Fernsehen heute sport1 Pkt. Casino online q 16 June Retrieved 19 January By heating together tin and copper, which were in abundance in the area, the Beaker culture people made bronzeand tonybet einzahlungsmöglichkeiten iron from iron ores. The Oxford illustrated history of English literature. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In Em england passed the Great Reform Actwhich began the transfer of political power from the aristocracy to the middle classes. In contrast with much of European Protestantism, the roots of the split were more political than theological. Geen categorie 10 december The Royal Academy in London is a key organisation for the promotion of the visual james bond casino royale besetzung in the United Kingdom. Retrieved 31 December
General elections are called by the monarch when the prime minister so advises. Prior to the Fixed-term Parliaments Act , the Parliament Acts and required that a new election must be called no later than five years after the previous general election.
Most of the remaining seats were won by parties that contest elections only in one part of the UK: Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland each have their own government or executive , led by a First Minister or, in the case of Northern Ireland, a diarchal First Minister and deputy First Minister , and a devolved unicameral legislature.
This situation has given rise to the so-called West Lothian question , which concerns the fact that members of parliament from Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland can vote, sometimes decisively,  on matters that affect only England.
The Scottish Government and Parliament have wide-ranging powers over any matter that has not been specifically reserved to the UK Parliament, including education , healthcare , Scots law and local government.
The Executive is led by a diarchy representing unionist and nationalist members of the Assembly. The British and Irish governments co-operate on non-devolved matters affecting Northern Ireland through the British—Irish Intergovernmental Conference , which assumes the responsibilities of the Northern Ireland administration in the event of its non-operation.
The UK does not have a codified constitution and constitutional matters are not among the powers devolved to Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland.
English law , Northern Ireland law and Scots law. Both English law, which applies in England and Wales , and Northern Ireland law are based on common-law principles.
The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land for both criminal and civil appeal cases in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and any decision it makes is binding on every other court in the same jurisdiction, often having a persuasive effect in other jurisdictions.
Scots law is a hybrid system based on both common-law and civil-law principles. The chief courts are the Court of Session , for civil cases,  and the High Court of Justiciary , for criminal cases.
Both "not guilty" and "not proven" result in an acquittal. The prison population of England and Wales has increased to 86,, giving England and Wales the highest rate of incarceration in Western Europe at per , It is also a member state of the European Union in the process of withdrawal.
The Commander-in-Chief is the British monarch , to whom members of the forces swear an oath of allegiance. The British armed forces played a key role in establishing the British Empire as the dominant world power in the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries.
By emerging victorious from conflicts, Britain has often been able to decisively influence world events. Since the end of the British Empire, the UK has remained a major military power.
Following the end of the Cold War , defence policy has a stated assumption that "the most demanding operations" will be undertaken as part of a coalition.
Setting aside the intervention in Sierra Leone in , the last occasion on which the British military fought alone was the Falklands War of According to various sources, including the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and the International Institute for Strategic Studies , the United Kingdom has the fourth- or fifth-highest military expenditure in the world.
Total defence spending amounts to 2. The UK has a partially regulated market economy. Banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland retain the right to issue their own notes, subject to retaining enough Bank of England notes in reserve to cover their issue.
The Industrial Revolution started in the UK with an initial concentration on the textile industry,  followed by other heavy industries such as shipbuilding , coal mining and steelmaking.
Manufacturing remains a significant part of the economy but accounted for only In , the UK produced around 1. The UK is a major centre for engine manufacturing: Its engines power more than 30 types of commercial aircraft and it has more than 30, engines in service in the civil and defence sectors.
It is growing at a rate of 7. The UK retains a significant, though much reduced fishing industry. It is also rich in a number of natural resources including coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica and an abundance of arable land.
In the final quarter of , the UK economy officially entered recession for the first time since Since the s, UK economic inequality , like Canada, Australia and the United States, has grown faster than in other developed countries.
England and Scotland were leading centres of the Scientific Revolution from the 17th century. Major scientific discoveries from the 18th century include hydrogen by Henry Cavendish ;  from the 20th century penicillin by Alexander Fleming ,  and the structure of DNA , by Francis Crick and others.
Scientific research and development remains important in British universities, with many establishing science parks to facilitate production and co-operation with industry.
In Great Britain, the British Rail network was privatised between and , which was followed by a rapid rise in passenger numbers following years of decline, although the factors behind this are disputed.
Network Rail owns and manages most of the fixed assets tracks, signals etc. About 20 privately owned Train Operating Companies operate passenger trains, which carried 1.
In the year from October to September UK airports handled a total of In , the UK was the 13th-largest producer of natural gas in the world and the largest producer in the EU.
Coal production played a key role in the UK economy in the 19th and 20th centuries. In the mids, million tonnes of coal were produced annually, not falling below million tonnes until the early s.
During the s and s the industry was scaled back considerably. In , the UK produced All but one of the reactors will be retired by Unlike Germany and Japan, the UK intends to build a new generation of nuclear plants from about The total of all renewable electricity sources provided for The UK is one of the best sites in Europe for wind energy , and wind power production is its fastest growing supply, in it generated 9.
Access to improved water supply and sanitation in the UK is universal. It is estimated that In England and Wales water and sewerage services are provided by 10 private regional water and sewerage companies and 13 mostly smaller private "water only" companies.
In Scotland water and sewerage services are provided by a single public company, Scottish Water. In Northern Ireland water and sewerage services are also provided by a single public entity, Northern Ireland Water.
A census is taken simultaneously in all parts of the UK every ten years. In mid and mid net long-term international migration contributed more to population growth.
In mid and mid natural change contributed the most to population growth. Greater Manchester Urban Area. West Yorkshire Urban Area. Historically, indigenous British people were thought to be descended from the various ethnic groups that settled there before the 12th century: Welsh people could be the oldest ethnic group in the UK.
The UK has a history of small-scale non-white immigration, with Liverpool having the oldest Black population in the country dating back to at least the s during the period of the African slave trade.
During this period it is estimated the Afro-Caribbean population of Great Britain was 10, to 15,  which later declined due to the abolition of slavery.
By this number had more than quadrupled to ,, just over 0. Since substantial immigration from Africa, the Caribbean and South Asia has been a legacy of ties forged by the British Empire.
Academics have argued that the ethnicity categories employed in British national statistics, which were first introduced in the census , involve confusion between the concepts of ethnicity and race.
Because of differences in the wording of the census forms used in England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, data on the Other White group is not available for the UK as a whole, but in England and Wales this was the fastest growing group between the and censuses, increasing by 1.
Ethnic diversity varies significantly across the UK. In the UK census Four Celtic languages are spoken in the UK: Welsh , Irish , Scottish Gaelic and Cornish.
Scots , a language descended from early northern Middle English , has limited recognition alongside its regional variant, Ulster Scots in Northern Ireland, without specific commitments to protection and promotion.
It is compulsory for pupils to study a second language up to the age of 14 in England. All pupils in Wales are taught Welsh as a second language up to age 16, or are taught in Welsh.
Forms of Christianity have dominated religious life in what is now the United Kingdom for over years. In the census Islam , Hinduism , Judaism , etc.
The Church of England is the established church in England. It is not subject to state control , and the British monarch is an ordinary member, required to swear an oath to "maintain and preserve the Protestant Religion and Presbyterian Church Government " upon his or her accession.
The United Kingdom has experienced successive waves of migration. London held around half of this population, and other small communities existed in Manchester, Bradford and elsewhere.
The German immigrant community was the largest group until , when it became second to Russian Jews. After Russian Jews suffered bitter persecutions, and, out of some 2,, who left Russia by , around , settled permanently in Britain, overtaking the Germans to be the largest ethnic minority from outside the British Isles.
In the net increase was , Immigration is now contributing to a rising population  with arrivals and UK-born children of migrants accounting for about half of the population increase between and Over a quarter In , approximately , foreign nationals were naturalised as British citizens, the highest number since records began in This figure fell to around , in Between and , the average number of people granted British citizenship per year was , Emigration was an important feature of British society in the 19th century.
Between and around Education in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter, with each country having a separate education system. Considering the four systems together, about 38 per cent of the United Kingdom population has a university or college degree , which is the highest percentage in Europe, and among the highest percentages in the world.
Whilst education in England is the responsibility of the Secretary of State for Education , the day-to-day administration and funding of state schools is the responsibility of local authorities.
Two of the top ten performing schools in terms of GCSE results in were state-run grammar schools. Since the establishment of Bedford College London , Girton College Cambridge and Somerville College Oxford in the 19th century , women also can obtain a university degree.
Education in Scotland is the responsibility of the Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning , with day-to-day administration and funding of state schools the responsibility of Local Authorities.
Two non-departmental public bodies have key roles in Scottish education. The Scottish Qualifications Authority is responsible for the development, accreditation, assessment and certification of qualifications other than degrees which are delivered at secondary schools, post-secondary colleges of further education and other centres.
The Welsh Government has responsibility for education in Wales. A significant number of Welsh students are taught either wholly or largely in the Welsh language ; lessons in Welsh are compulsory for all until the age of Education in Northern Ireland is the responsibility of the Minister of Education , although responsibility at a local level is administered by the Education Authority which is further sub-divided into five geographical areas.
Healthcare in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter and each country has its own system of private and publicly funded health care , together with alternative , holistic and complementary treatments.
Public healthcare is provided to all UK permanent residents and is mostly free at the point of need, being paid for from general taxation.
The World Health Organization , in , ranked the provision of healthcare in the United Kingdom as fifteenth best in Europe and eighteenth in the world.
However, political and operational responsibility for healthcare lies with four national executives ; healthcare in England is the responsibility of the UK Government; healthcare in Northern Ireland is the responsibility of the Northern Ireland Executive ; healthcare in Scotland is the responsibility of the Scottish Government ; and healthcare in Wales is the responsibility of the Welsh Government.
Each National Health Service has different policies and priorities, resulting in contrasts. The culture of the United Kingdom has been influenced by many factors including: The substantial cultural influence of the United Kingdom has led it to be described as a "cultural superpower".
Most British literature is in the English language. In , some , books were published in the United Kingdom and in it was the largest publisher of books in the world.
The English playwright and poet William Shakespeare is widely regarded as the greatest dramatist of all time,    and his contemporaries Christopher Marlowe and Ben Jonson have also been held in continuous high esteem.
Somerset Maugham and Graham Greene ; [ citation needed ] the crime writer Agatha Christie the best-selling novelist of all time ;  Ian Fleming the creator of James Bond ; the poets T.
Rowling ; the graphic novelists Alan Moore and Neil Gaiman. Gunn contributed to the Scottish Renaissance.
He is widely regarded as one of the greatest European poets of his age. Daniel Owen is credited as the first Welsh-language novelist, publishing Rhys Lewis in The best-known of the Anglo-Welsh poets are both Thomases.
Dylan Thomas became famous on both sides of the Atlantic in the midth century. He is remembered for his poetry—his " Do not go gentle into that good night ; Rage, rage against the dying of the light" is one of the most quoted couplets of English language verse—and for his "play for voices", Under Milk Wood.
The influential Church in Wales "poet-priest" and Welsh nationalist R. Thomas was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in Authors of other nationalities, particularly from Commonwealth countries, the Republic of Ireland and the United States, have lived and worked in the UK.
Various styles of music are popular in the UK from the indigenous folk music of England , Wales , Scotland and Northern Ireland to heavy metal.
Sir Harrison Birtwistle is one of the foremost living composers. George Frideric Handel became a naturalised British citizen and wrote the British coronation anthem, while some of his best works, such as Messiah , were written in the English language.
The Beatles have international sales of over one billion units and are the biggest-selling and most influential band in the history of popular music.
A number of UK cities are known for their music. Acts from Liverpool have had 54 UK chart number one hit singles, more per capita than any other city worldwide.
As of , pop remains the most popular music genre in the UK with The history of British visual art forms part of western art history.
Major British artists include: During the late s and s the Saatchi Gallery in London helped to bring to public attention a group of multi-genre artists who would become known as the " Young British Artists ": The Royal Academy in London is a key organisation for the promotion of the visual arts in the United Kingdom.
Major schools of art in the UK include: The Courtauld Institute of Art is a leading centre for the teaching of the history of art.
The United Kingdom has had a considerable influence on the history of the cinema. The British directors Alfred Hitchcock , whose film Vertigo is considered by some critics as the best film of all time ,  and David Lean are among the most critically acclaimed of all-time.
Despite a history of important and successful productions, the industry has often been characterised by a debate about its identity and the level of American and European influence.
British cuisine developed from various influences reflective of its land, settlements, arrivals of new settlers and immigrants, trade and colonialism.
Celtic agriculture and animal breeding produced a wide variety of foodstuffs for indigenous Celts and Britons. Anglo-Saxon England developed meat and savoury herb stewing techniques before the practice became common in Europe.
The Norman conquest introduced exotic spices into England in the Middle Ages. British cuisine has absorbed the cultural influence of those who have settled in Britain , producing many hybrid dishes, such as the Anglo-Indian chicken tikka masala.
Edinburgh and Glasgow, and Cardiff, are important centres of newspaper and broadcasting production in Scotland and Wales respectively. In , it was estimated that individuals viewed a mean of 3.
In that year the main BBC public service broadcasting channels accounted for an estimated Two Britons are also notable for a theory of moral philosophy utilitarianism , first used by Jeremy Bentham and later by John Stuart Mill in his short work Utilitarianism.
Major sports, including association football, tennis , rugby union , rugby league , golf , boxing , netball , rowing and cricket , originated or were substantially developed in the UK and the states that preceded it.
With the rules and codes of many modern sports invented and codified in late 19th century Victorian Britain , in , the President of the IOC, Jacques Rogge , stated; "This great, sports-loving country is widely recognised as the birthplace of modern sport.
It was here that the concepts of sportsmanship and fair play were first codified into clear rules and regulations. It was here that sport was included as an educational tool in the school curriculum".
In most international competitions, separate teams represent England, Scotland and Wales. Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland usually field a single team representing all of Ireland, with notable exceptions being association football and the Commonwealth Games.
There are some sports in which a single team represents the whole of United Kingdom, including the Olympics, where the UK is represented by the Great Britain team.
The , and Summer Olympics were held in London, making it the first city to host the games three times.
Britain has participated in every modern Olympic Games to date and is third in the medal count. A poll found that football is the most popular sport in the United Kingdom.
The English top division, the Premier League , is the most watched football league in the world. In , rugby union was ranked the second most popular sport in the UK.
Sport governing bodies in England , Scotland , Wales and Ireland organise and regulate the game separately. Cricket was invented in England, and its laws were established by Marylebone Cricket Club in Team members are drawn from the main county sides, and include both English and Welsh players.
Cricket is distinct from football and rugby where Wales and England field separate national teams, although Wales had fielded its own team in the past.
Irish and Scottish players have played for England because neither Scotland nor Ireland have Test status and have only recently started to play in One Day Internationals and Ireland is yet to play their first test match.
There is a professional league championship in which clubs representing 17 English counties and 1 Welsh county compete. The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the s, before spreading around the world.
The UK has proved successful in the international sporting arena in rowing. The UK is closely associated with motorsport. The premier national auto racing event is the British Touring Car Championship.
Golf is the sixth most popular sport, by participation, in the UK. Rugby league originated in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire in and is generally played in Northern England.
Super League is the highest level of professional rugby league in the UK and Europe. Wales is not represented in the Union Flag, as Wales had been conquered and annexed to England prior to the formation of the United Kingdom.
The possibility of redesigning the Union Flag to include representation of Wales has not been completely ruled out. Britannia is a national personification of the United Kingdom, originating from Roman Britain.
Sometimes she is depicted as riding on the back of a lion. A second, less used, personification of the nation is the character John Bull.
United Kingdom — Wikipedia book. Great Britain is made up of England, Scotland and Wales. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the country. It is not to be confused with Great Britain , its largest island whose name is also loosely applied to the whole country.
For other uses of "UK", see UK disambiguation. For other uses of "United Kingdom", see United Kingdom disambiguation.
Royal coat of arms [note 1]. Show map of Europe. England Northern Ireland Scotland Wales. Britain place name and Terminology of the British Isles.
History of the British Isles. History of the United Kingdom. Acts of Union Political history of the United Kingdom —present and Social history of the United Kingdom —present.
Geography of the United Kingdom. Skye is one of the major islands in the Inner Hebrides and part of the Scottish Highlands. Climate of the United Kingdom.
The four countries of the United Kingdom. Administrative geography of the United Kingdom. Politics of the United Kingdom.
Queen Elizabeth II , Monarch since Theresa May , Prime Minister since Government of the United Kingdom. Law of the United Kingdom.
Foreign relations of the United Kingdom. Economy of the United Kingdom. Science and technology in the United Kingdom. Transport in the United Kingdom.
Energy in the United Kingdom. Water supply and sanitation in the United Kingdom. Demography of the United Kingdom. Ethnic groups in the United Kingdom.
Languages of the United Kingdom. Religion in the United Kingdom. Modern immigration to the United Kingdom. Foreign-born population of the United Kingdom.
Education in the United Kingdom. Education in Northern Ireland. Healthcare in the United Kingdom. Culture of the United Kingdom. Music of the United Kingdom.
Rock music in the United Kingdom. Art of the United Kingdom. Cinema of the United Kingdom. Media of the United Kingdom.
Sport in the United Kingdom. In the English tradition, such laws are not necessary; proclamation and usage are sufficient to make it the national anthem.
The words Queen, she, her , used at present in the reign of Elizabeth II , are replaced by King, he, him when the monarch is male.
Gibraltar and the British Indian Ocean Territory. When it took effect one year later, it established the Irish Free State as a separate dominion within the Commonwealth.
Official web site of the British Royal Family. Retrieved 4 June Retrieved 12 December UK — Content design: Retrieved 3 August Retrieved 13 October Census reveals a picture of Britain today".
Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" PDF. United Nations Statistics Division.
Retrieved 9 August Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 December Retrieved 27 October Retrieved 11 November United Nations Development Programme.
Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 29 October Great Britain is the name for the island that comprises England, Scotland and Wales, although the term is also used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom.
Retrieved 22 February Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 8 March Retrieved 17 April In a similar way to how the government is formed from members from the two Houses of Parliament, members of the devolved legislatures nominate ministers from among themselves to comprise executives, known as the devolved administrations Transport Research Knowledge Centre.
Archived from the original on 4 April Retrieved 28 March Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 6 March Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
Retrieved 9 March Archived from the original on 6 July Medieval architecture was completed with the 16th-century Tudor style ; the four-centred arch, now known as the Tudor arch , was a defining feature as were wattle and daub houses domestically.
In the aftermath of the Renaissance a form of architecture echoing classical antiquity synthesised with Christianity appeared, the English Baroque style of architect Christopher Wren being particularly championed.
Georgian architecture followed in a more refined style, evoking a simple Palladian form; the Royal Crescent at Bath is one of the best examples of this.
With the emergence of romanticism during Victorian period, a Gothic Revival was launched. In addition to this, around the same time the Industrial Revolution paved the way for buildings such as The Crystal Palace.
Since the s various modernist forms have appeared whose reception is often controversial, though traditionalist resistance movements continue with support in influential places.
English folklore developed over many centuries. Some of the characters and stories are present across England, but most belong to specific regions.
Common folkloric beings include pixies , giants , elves , bogeymen , trolls , goblins and dwarves. While many legends and folk-customs are thought to be ancient, for instance the tales featuring Offa of Angel and Wayland the Smith ,  others date from after the Norman invasion; Robin Hood and his Merry Men of Sherwood and their battles with the Sheriff of Nottingham being, perhaps, the best known.
During the High Middle Ages tales originating from Brythonic traditions entered English folklore and developed into the Arthurian myth.
Many of the tales and pseudo-histories make up part of the wider Matter of Britain , a collection of shared British folklore.
Some folk figures are based on semi or actual historical people whose story has been passed down centuries; Lady Godiva for instance was said to have ridden naked on horseback through Coventry , Hereward the Wake was a heroic English figure resisting the Norman invasion, Herne the Hunter is an equestrian ghost associated with Windsor Forest and Great Park and Mother Shipton is the archetypal witch.
The chivalrous bandit, such as Dick Turpin , is a recurring character, while Blackbeard is the archetypal pirate. Since the early modern period the food of England has historically been characterised by its simplicity of approach and a reliance on the high quality of natural produce.
Traditional examples of English food include the Sunday roast , featuring a roasted joint usually beef, lamb , chicken or pork served with assorted vegetables, Yorkshire pudding and gravy.
Sausages are commonly eaten, either as bangers and mash or toad in the hole. Lancashire hotpot is a well-known stew originating in the northwest.
Many Anglo-Indian hybrid dishes, curries , have been created, such as chicken tikka masala and balti. Traditional English dessert dishes include apple pie or other fruit pies; spotted dick — all generally served with custard ; and, more recently, sticky toffee pudding.
Sweet pastries include scones either plain or containing dried fruit served with jam or cream, dried fruit loaves, Eccles cakes and mince pies as well as a wide range of sweet or spiced biscuits.
Common non-alcoholic drinks include tea, the popularity of which was increased by Catherine of Braganza ,  and coffee; frequently consumed alcoholic drinks include wine, ciders and English beers , such as bitter , mild , stout and brown ale.
The earliest known examples are the prehistoric rock and cave art pieces, most prominent in North Yorkshire , Northumberland and Cumbria , but also feature further south, for example at Creswell Crags.
There are numerous surviving artefacts, such as those at Lullingstone and Aldborough. The Tudor era saw prominent artists as part of their court, portrait painting which would remain an enduring part of English art, was boosted by German Hans Holbein , natives such as Nicholas Hilliard built on this.
Early authors such as Bede and Alcuin wrote in Latin. Marvell was the best-known poet of the Commonwealth ,  while John Milton authored Paradise Lost during the Restoration.
More radical elements were later countered by Edmund Burke who is regarded as the founder of conservatism. The English played a significant role in romanticism: In response to the Industrial Revolution , agrarian writers sought a way between liberty and tradition; William Cobbett , G.
Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc were main exponents, while the founder of guild socialism , Arthur Penty , and cooperative movement advocate G.
Cole are somewhat related. Wells and Lewis Carroll. Lawrence , Virginia Woolf , C. Tolkien , and J. The traditional folk music of England is centuries old and has contributed to several genres prominently; mostly sea shanties , jigs , hornpipes and dance music.
It has its own distinct variations and regional peculiarities. German-born George Frideric Handel became a British subject  and spent most of his composing life in London, creating some of the most well-known works of classical music, The Messiah , Water Music , and Music for the Royal Fireworks.
In the field of popular music , many English bands and solo artists have been cited as the most influential and best-selling musicians of all time.
Large outdoor music festivals in the summer and autumn are popular, such as Glastonbury , V Festival , and the Reading and Leeds Festivals.
Hitchcock and Lean are among the most critically acclaimed filmmakers. A Story of the London Fog , helped shape the thriller genre in film, while his film, Blackmail , is often regarded as the first British sound feature film.
Major film studios in England include Pinewood , Elstree and Shepperton. Some of the most commercially successful films of all time have been produced in England, including two of the highest-grossing film franchises Harry Potter and James Bond.
English Heritage is a governmental body with a broad remit of managing the historic sites, artefacts and environments of England.
It is currently sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Its collection of more than seven million objects  is one of the largest and most comprehensive in the world,  sourced from every continent, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginning to the present.
England has a strong sporting heritage, and during the 19th century codified many sports that are now played around the world.
Sports originating in England include association football ,  cricket , rugby union , rugby league , tennis , boxing , badminton, squash ,  rounders ,  hockey , snooker , billiards , darts , table tennis, bowls , netball , thoroughbred horseracing, greyhound racing and fox hunting.
It has helped the development of golf , sailing and Formula One. Football is the most popular of these sports. The England national football team , whose home venue is Wembley Stadium , played Scotland in the first ever international football match in As is the case throughout the UK, football in England is notable for the rivalries between clubs and the passion of the supporters, which includes a tradition of football chants.
Cricket is generally thought to have been developed in the early medieval period among the farming and metalworking communities of the Weald. The climax of the Ashes was viewed by 7.
However they have hosted the ICC World Twenty20 in , winning this format in beating rivals Australia in the final. William Penny Brookes was prominent in organising the format for the modern Olympic Games.
England competes in the Commonwealth Games , held every four years. Sport England is the governing body responsible for distributing funds and providing strategic guidance for sporting activity in England.
Rugby union originated in Rugby School , Warwickshire in the early 19th century. England was one of the host nations of the competition in the Rugby World Cup and also hosted the Rugby World Cup.
Rugby league was born in Huddersfield in Since , the England national rugby league team has been a full test nation in lieu of the Great Britain national rugby league team , which won three World Cups but is now retired.
Rugby League is most popular among towns in the northern English counties of Lancashire , Yorkshire and Cumbria.
Some of the most successful clubs include Wigan Warriors , Hull F. Golf has been prominent in England; due in part to its cultural and geographical ties to Scotland, the home of Golf.
England has produced grand slam winners: The biennial golf competition, the Ryder Cup , is named after English businessman Samuel Ryder who sponsored the event and donated the trophy.
Tennis was created in Birmingham in the late 19th century, and the Wimbledon Championships is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and widely considered the most prestigious.
Fred Perry was the last Englishman to win Wimbledon in He was the first player to win all four Grand Slam singles titles  and helped lead the Great Britain team to four Davis Cup wins.
English women who have won Wimbledon include: Ann Haydon Jones in and Virginia Wade in In boxing , under the Marquess of Queensberry Rules , England has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by the governing bodies.
Originating in 17th and 18th-century England, the thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing.
England also has a rich heritage in Grand Prix motorcycle racing , the premier championship of motorcycle road racing , and produced several World Champions across all the various class of motorcycle: Darts is a widely popular sport in England; a professional competitive sport, darts is a traditional pub game.
Phil Taylor is widely regarded as the best darts player of all time, having won professional tournaments, and a record 16 World Championships.
Originally the flag was used by the maritime Republic of Genoa. The English monarch paid a tribute to the Doge of Genoa from onwards so that English ships could fly the flag as a means of protection when entering the Mediterranean.
A red cross was a symbol for many Crusaders in the 12th and 13th centuries. It became associated with Saint George , along with countries and cities, which claimed him as their patron saint and used his cross as a banner.
The Tudor rose was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses as a symbol of peace.
It is also known as the Rose of England. The Royal Arms of England, a national coat of arms featuring three lions, originated with its adoption by Richard the Lionheart in It is blazoned as gules, three lions passant guardant or and it provides one of the most prominent symbols of England; it is similar to the traditional arms of Normandy.
England does not have an official designated national anthem, as the United Kingdom as a whole has God Save the Queen. However, the following are often considered unofficial English national anthems: St George is the patron saint of England.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see England disambiguation. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction.
England in the Middle Ages. East Riding of Yorkshire. Ceremonial counties of England. List of places in England. List of English inventions and discoveries and Royal Society.
English diaspora , Cornish people , and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom. English language in England.
English language , History of the English language , and Cornish language. Official, but not majority language. History of Christianity in England. List of universities in England.
Fish and chips is a very popular dish in England. Apple pie has been consumed in England since the Middle Ages. Chicken tikka masala , , adapted from Indian chicken tikka and called "a true British national dish.
This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle, this earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, this other Eden, demi-paradise; this fortress, built by nature for herself.
This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England. Folk music of England. Music of the United Kingdom.
Cinema of the United Kingdom. List of museums in England. National symbols of England. England portal United Kingdom portal.
Other Pagan paths, such as Wicca or Druidism, have not been included in this number. Other Pagan paths, such as Druidism, and general "Pagan" have not been included in this number.
Scottish students attending Scottish universities have their fees paid by the devolved Scottish Parliament. Office for National Statistics.
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